The main objective of the breeding plan is to promote adoption of appropriate technologies, enhance productivity, and increase effectiveness and to ensure returns from animals proportionate to the investment of time, energy and resources that members/ farmers make for meat/ livestock development and management. The targets in this development plan is to progressively increase breeding operations in adult female populations of cattle during the five year period. The projected results will be to enhance 50% of the indigenous cattle with improved breeds. This will involve incorporation of LRCs (UMPCU) as the principal implementing office for the breeding of livestock and then transfer the ideas to the societies. Frozen semen and liquid nitrogen from NAGRC & DB and other importers, and livestock breeding farms/ ranches (currently owned by government) will be utilised by UMPCU to increase the numbers of livestock to the farmers or members. UMPCU is focusing on strategies to integrate the small producer into the larger process of sector growth. The intermediate production technologies depend on high technologies like AI as one of the most critical tools. Introducing artificial insemination into the traditional small holder households/ poor farmer has been one of UMPCU’s core values during the last year and this will continue, but due to the limited financial resources only 11 Primary Cooperatives benefitted from our AI project.
• The development plan seeks to involve other organizations (NAGRC, MAAIF and private practitioners) to sensitize farmers on the importance of Artificial Insemination and its benefits.
• To build internal capacity by training technical staff to carry out artificial insemination to our members.
• Ensuring all the necessary materials are available within the UMPCU, this includes:
ü High quality semen straws ü Liquid nitrogen and tanks ü Hormones/synchronization materials ü Gloves/needles etc
• Developing a system between Livestock Resource Centres, Primary Cooperatives and farmers for the successful implementation of the AI program.
2. Advocacy, lobbying and awareness/ training
Sensitize stakeholders and consumers on the importance of proper cattle transportation, animal welfare and on the standards of quality and hygienic meat. – UMPCU will lobby other government and Non Government Institutions on the implementation and enforcement of the laws in place.
3. UMPCU to develop its own transport system
Develop modules on the modification on the existing transportation trucks. – Develop guidelines and procedures within the system.
4. Establishing a cattle transporters association
Registered transporters in this association will be evaluated and assessed for competence. – Transporters will be trained in the welfare and transportation of animals. – Transporters will be given modification modules on how to improve existing vehicles into cattle transport trucks. – Approved vehicles will be given stickers to be displayed as a sign of approval by the UMPCU to transport cattle.
5. Infrastructure development
Holding facilities/ grounds will have water – Proper loading ramps will be constructed at the LRCs and at some Primary Coops. – At farm level, individual farmers will be required to comply with this development with the help of UMPCU.
6. Farmer trainings and sensitization
This will be made simple by the already established Livestock Resource Centres in the different disease control zones. With the farmers already organized in Cooperative Societies, regular training will be conducted on preventive management of diseases, through better husbandry practices, including regular spraying and de-worming.
7. Lobby government to strengthen animal movement controls, especially along the Ugandan porous borderline.
Meetings with farmers, authorities and stakeholders with neighbouring countries to find a solution to combat cross border diseases.
8. Availability to sufficient water for livestock production:
To source accessibility for member Cooperative Societies to water construction equipment at reasonable terms – Lobby government to address the water availability in the cattle corridor
9. Sensitization on the importance of fencing to prevent livestock and wildlife mixing:
Union to encourage members to undertake individual farm fencing. – UMPCU should source and negotiate terms for fencing equipment and material – Lobby government to control the movement of wild animals
• Ensure the availability of FMD, other vaccines and specialized personnel by collaboration with government
• Early warning system for animal disease outbreaks, timely reporting through Primary Cooperatives and rapid response.
• Animal movement control:-
Movement permits, the use of prescribed stock routes, check points and other enforcement measures must be strictly adhered to. – Establishing quarantine stations at the Livestock Resource Centres – Transportation of livestock should conform to the Animal transportation laws and regulations. – Strengthening of animal movement control systems and traceability including animal transport conditions from farm to farm (bio-security measures)
A. To encourage members to use improved feeding systems and increase their use of improved feed, UMPCU will also provide direct feed inputs to some members such as improved varieties of forage seeds.
B. UMPCU in collaboration with other agencies will approach feed improvement at community level by focusing on the improvement of communal pastures. In the DCZs, the range and pasture improvement programs will increase local capacity for improved forage seed production and identify a number of potential forage strategies, including cooperative-managed enclosures, fodder banks(are plantings of high-quality fodder species, used all year, but are designed to bridge forage scarcity in dry seasons. Fodder banks do not meet all feed needs, but supplement available dry-season forage. Establishment of feed stores/ silos/ hay stores and the introduction of improved grasses and legumes into crop rotational practices.
C. To provide beneficiaries with training in simple/basic feed improvement techniques based on locally available inputs and traditional feeding practices. Here members or smallholder farmers will benefit from training in fodder production, feed formulation, hay and silage making, and animal nutrition through training and awareness-raising workshops for staff of extension services, during which demonstrations of fodder bank preparation and locally produced mineral blocks will be carried out.
D. New technologies and techniques need to be continuously developed and transferred in order to avoid environmental deterioration or increases in the prices of food products.